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Naval Postgraduate School
May 16, 2019 Alexander, Mark R.
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Modern day warfare has presented the United States with a more technically savvy opponent in conflicts that have moved away from the traditional battlefield to the populated environment of the big city. Battle space dominance no longer refers simply to the physical nature of war, but now also encompasses a digital environment with a greater influence on Information Warfare. One of the keys to successfully maintaining open wireless lines of communication and extracting data,or denying the...
Topics: Forecasting, Information warfare
Naval Postgraduate School
May 13, 2019 Burkins, Carl A.
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The attrition rate at the Naval Academy is higher for minority vs. non-minority students. This thesis examines the predictors of minority attrition at the Naval Academy. Three categories of predictor variables are examined: gender, academic measures, and MBTI personality type. Specifically, the study focuses on the theories of college student attrition based on data from Historically Black Colleges and Universities, as well as traditional civilian universities. Data obtained from the Naval...
Topics: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Personality tests, Minority college students, Myers Briggs Personality...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis identifies and analyzes recruiting strategies that exist outside of the military service that might be considered to increase the number of high-quality enlisted recruits for the United States Army Special Forces Command (USASFC). The thesis contains a review of the current Special Forces recruiting processes and describes how Special Operations Recruiting Command (SORC) recruits enlisted soldiers. It also analyzes goal congruency and cohesion between SORC, SWCS(A), and USASFC(A)....
Topics: Special forces (Military science), United States
Naval Postgraduate School
May 13, 2019 McGuire, Marvin H.; Carroll, Steven M.
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We calculated the value of two distinct economic inefficiencies that result from the prohibition of drugs. We define and illustrate these inefficiencies as the two direct components of the deadweight loss created by prohibition. The first is under-consumption and the second component, unique to our analysis, is the payment for risk. Using the 1999 illegal quantities and prices, the derived legal prices, and the estimated demand elasticities for four illegal drugs, we calculated the estimated...
Topics: Deadweight Loss, Drug Prohibition, Payment for Risk, Costs of the Drug War
This study provides information for those individuals responsible for guiding midshipmen's choice of naval service community. This research is focused on individuals who received their first community choice. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator results and career and technical interest measures based on the Strong Interest Inventory from the Naval Academy classes of 1998-2001 were analyzed using discriminant analysis. This project was designed to provide company officers with the information needed to...
Topics: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Personality tests, Personality and Vocational Interests, Psychological...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 13, 2019 Ruiz Perez, Juan Jose
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Atomic Clocks provide \"stable\" signals that are mainly used to generate time scales and to measure differences of time between events. Each atomic clock can individually be characterized according to the stability of the scale it produces. Due to the stochastic behavior of each clock, usually clock ensembles are used to build more stable time scales. This process requires basically two steps. First it is required to individually characterize each time source to identify the...
Topics: Atomic clocks, Frequencies of oscillating systems, Measurement
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Human Computer Interaction (HCI) group was examined through the use of SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) analysis and the development of a Congruence Model of Organizational Behavior. As work of the organization has increased over the last decade, the HCI group has trended toward exploitation of existing routines and derivative software improvements over understanding core user needs and double-loop learning. As a...
Topics: organizational learning, innovation, SWOT analysis, congruence model of organizational behavior,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 13, 2019 Bristow, Justin Alexander
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Illegal immigration is a popular topic. Obtaining operational control of the southwest border and adding infrastructure was deemed necessary and important when Congress voted for the Secure Fence Act in 2006. This thesis determines how much, and where, additional infrastructure should be added. How effective can a border wall or fence be in securing the U.S.-Mexico border? Under what circumstances are walls and fences effective? When are other types of security measures more effective? The Yuma...
Topic: border wall
Naval Postgraduate School
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We consider the design of a low probability of intercept (LPI) half-duplex communications system in which the downlink is established via communications signals embedded in a pulsed-radar Doppler waveform. Previous works suggest to embed the communications in the radar backscatter where it has been shown possible to recover and demodulate communications signals that are coincident with the radar pulses in time and frequency using quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation. Unfortunately,...
Topics: communications, radar, interference, probability of detection, estimation, cancelation, low...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This study conducts a cost-based analysis to determine the feasibility of insourcing the ordnance handling at Navy Munitions Command Pacific East Asia Division Detachment Pearl Harbor (NMCPAC EAD DET PH). Contractors have provided the service for over 30 years, after an Office of Management and Budget A-76 study in the 1980s determined it was more economical for the private sector to do the work previously done by military service members. This study examines whether using the government...
Topics: cost-based analysis, A-76 study, cost-benefit analysis, Navy Munitions Command, ordnance handling,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Defense Support to Civil Authorities (DSCA) is an important mission for the Army and the Department of Defense. Inherent to this mission, and critical in its execution, is effective liaison, coordination, and integration of Army forces into the emergency response structures of local, state, and federal civilian agencies. An examination of two cases, the 2012 response to Hurricane Sandy and the 2016 Cascadia Rising earthquake response exercise, identifies several shortfalls in integration and...
Topics: defense support to civil authorities, department of defense, department of the army, domestic...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The aim of this thesis was to develop and construct a flexible multi-body spacecraft simulator for use in testing optimal control-based slew and maneuver designs. The simulator is modified from an earlier prototype, which had a flexible arm and actuated robotic arm on an aluminum plate atop an air bearing. The new simulator features enhanced capabilities, with an improved passive flexible appendage, a commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) robotic arm, a reaction wheel momentum control system, a...
Topics: optimal control, flexible space system, multi-body, satellite, vibrations
Naval Postgraduate School
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Southeast Asia is a maritime crossroad and an arena of strategic great power interaction. The study of international politics after the Cold War has rediscovered the importance of regional interaction as the framework for understanding countries' security strategies and the great powers' impact on specific regions. A review of various theories, furthermore, reveals the revival of geopolitics in theoretical constructions and policy formulations. This thesis reviews United States-China relations...
Topics: Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN, ASEAN Regional Forum, ASEAN+3, ASEAN+China, China...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 13, 2019 Lim, Wee Pin Melvin
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Wireless systems have always been susceptible to interception in both urban outdoor and indoor environments. In point-to-point communication links, the placement of base station antennas is usually determined by an experimental or analytical assessment of the propagation path. Since point-to-point links are typically used to network widely separated areas, antennas used in such situations are likely to be directional, but may still be susceptible to interception by covert entities. In this...
Topics: Wireless communication systems, Antennas (Electronics), Eavesdropping
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Reed, Timothy
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Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Bowman, William R.; Crawford, Alice M.; Hatch, William D.
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Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Shukla, Shridhar B.; Neely, David S.; Kostrivas, John
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Entities cooperating as a group become simpler to construct if they possess access to a membership service to manage and administer the membership information of such groups. This report describes the architecture and design of a wide-area group membership service. Unlike any known membership service, the semce is based on a completely decentralized protocol executed by a hierarchy of servers. This hierarchy permits a clear separation between the membership service infrastructure and support...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019
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This quarter’s Compilation of Abstracts summarizes cutting-edge, security-related research conducted by NPS students and presented as theses, dissertations, and capstone reports. Each expands knowledge in its field.
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Stein, Pamela T.
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This thesis examines the role of Myanmar’s military, the Tatmadaw, in the country’s political economy. Using a hybrid of the New Institutional Economics and the developmental state model as the analytical framework, a historical comparative analysis of Myanmar’s political economic institutions during its socialist period (1962–1988) and market liberalization period (1988–2010) reveals that the Tatmadaw was a major actor with a dominant role in shaping Myanmar’s political economic...
Topics: Myanmar, Burma, political, economy, Tatmadaw, socialism, market liberalization, capitalism,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This research was conducted in coordination with Marine Corps Security Cooperation Group (MCSCG) and recommends promulgating the survey found in Appendix F to foreign security force advisor team members during post-deployment at MCSCG. The data from the survey will provide feedback to the Basic Advisory Course (BAC) to better support the continued improvement in training and certification of teams prior to deployment. Additionally, the research found that the total compensation for one training...
Topics: military advisor, transition team, Afghanistan, Iraq, Marine Corps security cooperation group,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Stephens, Jonathan R.; Adams, Robert C.
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Digital video has become a ubiquitous communications tool. In recent years, great advances have been made in the capture and display of ultra-high definition (UHD) video. Delivering UHD video over networks, however, requires a high-throughput connection that is not always present, especially in wireless networks. The U.S. Navy has established a need for video services that can distribute high-quality video from within the fleet to anywhere in the world at a moment’s notice. This requires a...
Topics: digital video engineering, compression, video collaboration, video editing, ultra-high definition...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Boccia, Suzanne
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The purpose of this study of 20-year trends in federal disaster spending was to determine whether and to what extent spending has been on the rise, and to examine contributing factors. A grounded theory analysis was conducted on 1,156 major declared disasters from fiscal years 1995 through 2014. Numerical data graphically illustrate budgeting, spending, and declaration trends, and policy and inertia influences are described. This study found an upward trend of federal disaster spending, yet one...
Topics: budget, cost share, disaster, Disaster Relief Fund, federalism, financial, fund, incentive,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Ballard, Joseph T.
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Germany in 2016 finds itself in the midst of a political and diplomatic revolution, the meaning of which is unclear for United States policy other than this process constitutes a break with custom and tradition in statecraft. This thesis analyzes the evolution of German foreign policy and security policy since revival of statecraft in 1945 and the changes in policy determinants since 1990. This evolution can be separated into phases beginning with the policy of reconciliation associated with...
Topics: Germany, German foreign and security policy
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis examines the issue of law enforcement’s use of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) from an ethical perspective. As UAS have only recently been introduced into the National Airspace System (NAS), legislation regarding their use in America’s skies is lacking. This dearth of statutory guidelines creates a circumstance wherein self-imposed limits on UAS use by law enforcement take on greater importance. The primary research question posed by this thesis is whether a prevailing ethical...
Topics: unmanned aerial system, drone, ethics, code of conduct, law enforcement, policing, surveillance
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Siu, Marcos Chi Lim
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Digital phased array antennas are sensitive to phase error among elements because it affects the coherence necessary to create the array factor. There are many sources for phase errors: local oscillators and clocks, quadrature modulators and demodulators, non-linear components, and so forth. Additionally, phased arrays are sensitive to element mislocation, which introduces another source of phase error. In this research, three types of phase errors were studied: phase noise, gain unbalance in...
Topics: radar, distributed array, phased array, phase synchronization, digital array, digital beamforming...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Tritten, James John.
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Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Olwell, David H.; Washburn, Alan R.
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Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Read, Robert R.
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Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Lawphongpanich, Siriphong.
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Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Lucyshyn, William.; Snider, Keith F.; Maly, Robert.
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Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Jacobs, Patricia A.; Gaver, Donald Paul; Fries, Arthur
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Naval Postgraduate School
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Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Folster, Austin D.; Sawko, Ryan; Eggers, David C.
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This project will give Department of Defense (DoD) procurement and area planners an assessment on the availability of energy within the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command (INDOPACOM) area of responsibility (AOR). The assessment will help make future decisions on sourcing energy purchases and may be expanded on with assumptions for risk potentials within the energy supply chain. This project includes market research on refined oil shipping and Military Sealift Command's capacity to move fuel to the...
Topics: energy, INDOPACOM, supply chain, markets, refined oil shipping, operational logistics
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Foote, Colin J.
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Digital repression of political speech gained prominence during the Arab Spring when governments acknowledged the power of networked collective action. The shutdown strategies that proliferated from the Arab Spring expanded around the globe. Now, almost a decade later, India leads the world in government-mandated digital repression. The rapid expansion of the internet and mobile penetration, combined with long-standing civil unrest, created a volatile issue within India. The use of strategic...
Topics: digital repression, violence, India, internet, cyber, social media, civil unrest, civil resistance,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis examines the involvement of Belarus in European and regional security organizations with respect to its relationship to the Russian Federation and the West. Modern Belarus’s geopolitical situation, history, relatively stable government, and need to seek its own development path makes this case study distinct in terms of European security. To analyze Belarus’s shifting behavior, a comparative case study approach is used. Special attention is given to Belarus’s history and the...
Topics: Belarus, Russia, foreign policy, NATO, OSCE, CIS, EU, CSTO
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Frossard, Michael J.; Hoyng, Brandon L.; Nixon, Antonio L.
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In the two years since the Unified Command Plan (UCP) was changed to designate U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) as the lead Department of Defense (DoD) synchronizer for all countering weapons of mass destruction (CWMD) plans, tangible progress has been slow. Organizations such as the Pentagon’s Unity of Effort Council and SOCOM’s CWMD Fusion Center are billed on paper as entities that can assist SOCOM in understanding the nuclear counterproliferation problem and help SOCOM plan...
Topics: counterproliferation, CWMD, weapons of mass destruction, nuclear, nuclear proliferation
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Fernando, P. Suresh Noel
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Less than a decade since the end of Sri Lanka's grueling civil war in 2009, the country may once again find itself threatened by communal violence. Sri Lanka’s Muslim minority population is mobilizing around Islamist politics. Conversely, Buddhist Nationalists, inspired by instrumental politicians and the perceived threat of Islamization, are mobilizing against the Muslim population. This thesis asks: how and why is Islamism growing among the Muslim minority population of Sri Lanka? This...
Topics: Radicalization, Islamism, Islamist, Buddhist Nationalism, Islamization
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Figueroa, Lisa M.
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A gap exists between the federal government and the 567 tribal nations, which hampers tribal inclusion in homeland security. American Indian and Alaskan Native lands comprise 100 million acres of land within the territory of the United States, with 250 miles of borderlands—potentially a formidable rift in the nation’s homeland security. According to its mission statement, the United States homeland security enterprise necessarily assumes tribal participation, cooperation, and communication...
Topics: American Indian, tribal, preparedness, homeland security, consultation, Stafford Act
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Alsup, Katrina P.
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This thesis will explore the hopping mobility approach for robotic vehicles used in Intra-Vehicular Activities (IVA) as an alternative mobility in space for small spacecraft equipped with robotic manipulators. A hopping maneuver uses the robotic manipulator to hop between two locations inside the host spacecraft. The maneuver is defined as three distinct phases: push, free-flying coast, and soft landing. Maneuvers such as hopping will be used to quickly move from one part of the host spacecraft...
Topics: rendezvous, relative motion, proximity missions, formation flying, robotics, spacecraft, mobility...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Today’s military relies on contractors, chiefly contracted services, at all levels—strategically, operationally, and tactically—to execute its mission more than it has at any other point in the history of the United States. Over the last decade, the DoD has consistently obligated the majority of its annual budget toward contracted services. One commonality across these service contracts is the inclusion of professional employees in the performance of many of these contracts. Over the same...
Topics: evaluation of compensation for professional employees, Professional Employee Compensation, FAR...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Gagnon, Kyle J.; Van Remmen, Peter M.
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Secretary Mattis’ 2018 National Defense Strategy acknowledges that the Department of Defense’s (DoD’s) asymmetric technological capabilities, which enable a decisive military advantage over U.S. adversaries, are steadily eroding. Implementing underutilized traditional and non-traditional acquisition authorities to navigate the innovation ecosystem may prove to be a fast, flexible solution to this technological innovation gap. We comparatively analyze the DoD’s innovation ecosystem to...
Topics: innovation, innovation ecosystem, ecosystem, non-traditional, start-up, other transaction...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Gammeddegoda Liyanage, Sajith Wasula
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Economic development achieved through an authoritarian model of leadership allowed Singapore to become a strong state. Linkages to the West through Singapore’s systematic industrialization and development policies build on aspects of Singapore’s colonial legacy; under the leadership of Lee Kuan Yew, these connections powered the transformation of Singapore economically, socially, structurally, and technologically. On the other hand, Lee and his ruling People’s Action Party (PAP)...
Topics: democracy, democratic requirements, democratic elements, authoritarianism, stable authoritarianism,...
This thesis explores the motivations behind Bolivia’s refusal to sell natural gas to neighboring country Chile. It focuses on the backlash surrounding the 2003 Gas Wars and the non-cooperation that followed. Specifically, it analyzes two cases—in the 2000s and 1950s—when Bolivia successfully cooperated with Chile in the petroleum sector. While many scholars argue that rivalry has motivated Bolivia's decision to avoid cooperating with Chile, this thesis challenges that position. This...
Topics: natural gas, energy cooperation, Chile, Bolivia, rivalry
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Gottfried, Brian F.
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The ANSYS Mechanical program was used to model a simple structure representing shipboard equipment. A modal analysis and DDAM application were performed to determine the resulting displacements in the different modes of the systems. These displacements were then applied to the system in order to determine whether the combined modal displacements caused the critical component, represented by two thin beams, to make contact. If so, the system will have a predicted failure. The results were then...
Topics: DDAM, LFT&E, modal analysis, shock trials, shock trial qualification, shock design, Dynamic...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Small European states such as the Netherlands and Denmark, which face increasingly complex security challenges, lack the capacity to meet increasing intelligence requirements. Since intelligence is vital to counter or prevent threats to national interests, small-state leaders must reduce these current intelligence gaps. This study focuses on how small European states’ SOF can contribute most efficiently and effectively to the national intelligence capacity to anticipate and counter threats...
Topics: Special Operations Forces, Intel, Intelligence, National decision-making, Denmark. the Netherlands
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis investigates the investments by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and whether they may be construed as a national security threat to the United States. China has lauded its Made in China (MIC) 2025 plan with an emphasis on becoming the world’s superpower. By its entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO), and subsequent Most Favored Nation (MFN) status granted by the United States, China has amassed a great deal of wealth, power, and influence around the globe. Through our...
Topics: China, purchase, US, business, national interests, economy, autonomous
Naval Postgraduate School
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A ground force commander (GFC) is in a constant fight to maintain complete situational awareness of his or her respective area of operations (AO). This means being aware of all friendly and enemy movement in his AO, and being able to quickly identify new threats and neutralize them efficiently. One of the greatest tools at an AO's disposal for achieving these objectives is the utilization of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) aerial platforms. While these platforms are...
Topics: solar power, solar array, photovoltaic solar cells, quadcopter, ISR, unmanned aerial vehicle,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Gojowsky, Torsten; Koegler, Sebastian
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Relationships empower Special Operations Forces (SOF) to perform as a highly skilled and reliable cadre in collaboration with local partner forces to prevent and solve shared problem sets, often accomplishing more with less. Since 9/11, however, relationships between SOF and their partners have not always been properly built and maintained. The authors trace the causal effects of constraints, trainings, and incentives and their impact on the current North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) SOF...
Topics: Special Operations Forces, SOF, irregular warfare, IW, unconventional warfare, UW, asymmetric...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Future Fleet Architecture team within OPNAV N9I is starting the creation of a fleet decision aid called the Architecture Integration Decision Aid (ArnDT). While containing various functional layers, this study will serve as a focused effort to make a recommendation for how to allocate resources in the development of the cost model to be utilized. Having researched various cost types, the best choice of model will be based on Total Ownership Cost framework. This study shall provide...
Topics: total ownership cost, total cost of ownership, OPNAV, fleet architecture, cost estimation, Naval...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Henderson, Blake T.
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Creating ruses and planting false documents to deceive our adversaries is a tactic that has been used for a long time. Honeypots allow us to easily plant false data on information systems while we monitor what attackers access and download. This enables us to learn of a potential spy’s interests and intents, helping defenders decide how to concentrate their resources when protecting critical information networks. In this thesis, we used a content-based Web honeypot to monitor access to...
Topics: honeypot, electronic counterintelligence, deception, data theft
Naval Postgraduate School
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The DoD is investing in autonomy, AI, and machine learning. Deep learning, a sub-field of machine learning is increasing due to newer and cheaper hardware, new algorithms, and big data. Deep learning uses a neural network with multiple weighted layers designed to learn hierarchical feature representations. This research uses the technique of transfer learning, which takes the well-constructed architecture of a source model and retrains it to a target data set—in this case, different coastal...
Topics: machine learning, neural networks, coastal landscape, coastal imagery, remote sensing, data...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Heslin, Brian D.
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This thesis investigates the issue of \"overstays,\" or individuals who remain in the United States after the legal length of admission has expired, and asks, \"How can the U.S. government develop a policy to reduce the number of people who overstay their legal length of admission?\" A review of government reports, congressional testimony, agency documentation, and the relevant laws was conducted to shed light on this persistent and growing issue. This thesis explored the...
Topics: overstay, visa, nonimmigrant visa, NIV, illegal immigration, homeland security investigations,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Hetteberg, Timothy J.
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During the Cold War, the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) was heavily focused on defending Japan from a Soviet invasion and ensuring sea lines of communications (SLOC) were available for U.S. naval forces in the event of a major conflict. After the Cold War, the JMSDF had to adopt new missions based on the constantly changing threat environment. This thesis assesses how well the JMSDF responded to a variety of threats to Japan during each of the three decades since the end of the...
Topics: JMSDF, Japan, AEGIS, BMD, collective self defense, helicopter destroyer, peace operations, maritime...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This research focuses on how to make better use of military financial statements, especially for internal decision makers, by introducing a new approach to weapon systems’ valuation and its appearance on balance sheets. This new approach aims to improve decision-making in the resource allocation of weapon systems. The author compares military balance sheets of several countries and identifies major flaws in two current primary valuation approaches: historical cost and fair value. These two...
Topics: financial statements, balance sheet, fair value approach, historical cost approach
Generating vertical atmospheric refractivity profiles from local radio frequency (RF) signals of opportunity is a technique known as refractivity from radio (RFR). The refractivity profiles from RFR provide information on surface-based and elevated ducts, which impacts the performance of radar, communications equipment, and other technology employing the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum. Refining the RFR technique is important for producing real-time environmental support. RFR was used during the...
Topics: electromagnetic propagation, atmospheric refractivity, surface-based duct, CASPER
Naval Postgraduate School
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This study explores the role of Finnish Special Operations Forces (FINSOF) in the northern Europe’s changing security environment by examining ways that FINSOF can become flexible enough to face rising hybrid threats from Russia. In order to become Finland’s strategic-level first response force against hybrid threats, both at home and abroad, FINSOF will require some integration and reshaping of its structures and tasks. Using three scenarios situated in the Baltic Sea area, this study...
Topics: Special operations, Finnish special operations forces, FINSOF, Finland, the Baltic Sea, northern...
In order to better understand how a program manager creates situational awareness and understanding in chaotic program environments, this project focuses on how a program manager gains insight in the decision-making process. The non-linearity of events in which human decision-making is predicated is chaotic and may have certain similarities and patterns that can be studied with regard to their association with the individual(s) involved in the decision-making process. If we better understood...
Topics: decision-making, decision-velocity, leadership, acquisition, program management, program manager,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Arendt, Peter L.
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Our military has adopted online training as a solution for propagating standardized training across the formation. However, minimal analysis exists to determine the frequency and effectiveness of mandatory online training in the United States Army, despite the resources and time required to complete mandatory online training. This paper seeks to establish that the effectiveness of online training in the United States Army must be analyzed and reviewed to achieve its maximum potential.
Topics: online training, mandatory online training, risk management, distance learning, computer-based...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Hollingsworth, Christopher L.; Sider, Joshua
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This study argues that principal-agent theory provides a unique perspective on the relationship between the Afghan Taliban and the Pakistani state. This perspective assists in developing strategies to reduce, disrupt, or eliminate the support that the Taliban receive from Pakistan. Furthermore, the framework of this study can be applied to other state-sponsored terrorist groups, insurgencies, and proxies.
Topics: Afghanistan, Taliban, Pakistan, inter-services intelligence, principal-agent
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Hopchak, Matthew S.
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This research evaluates potential auction algorithm approaches to a multi-robot area search problem and uses the Naval Postgraduate School Advanced Robotic System Engineering Laboratory’s multi-UAV system to implement, test, and evaluate selected exemplars. Ultimately, for multi-robot systems to achieve useful objectives autonomously, they need to reliably analyze objectives and assign supporting tasks to individual vehicles. The market-based approaches analyzed in this research provide an...
Topics: robotics, autonomous systems, auction, ARSENL, swarm, autonomous, multi-robot systems, area search
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Hosgor, Emre Caglar
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Although information technology has improved our living standards, it has also provided criminals new ways to commit crime. Digital crime includes identity theft, online piracy, hacking, and terrorism. For combating digital crime, new techniques and tools emerge frequently in digital forensics. On the opposite side, cyber-criminals develop counter-techniques called anti-forensics, which aim to disrupt or manipulate forensic analysis of crime. This thesis investigated the effectiveness of some...
Topics: computer forensics, anti-forensics, computer forensic tools
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Hunter, Kyle G.
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Cyberspace is vital to the application of joint military operations, to the advancement of economic growth, and to the enhancement of day-to-day life. As such, its defense is critical, yet its defense is also difficult, largely due to malicious actor persistence and weaknesses inherited from the cyber domain's initial development. This research proposes and tests an extension to a network tarpit, Greasy, a cyberspace defense tool, enabling reduced state requirements, adding new tarpit behavior,...
Topics: tarpit, network tarpit, network deception, cyberspace defense, IPv6, Greasy, Degreaser, LaBrea
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Huntoon, Elizabeth E.
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The increasing complexity and contentiousness of the cyber domain require a well-educated Navy cyber force to defend its networks and key terrain. This demanding operational environment necessitates efficient and effective cybersecurity training and education, which can be maximized by leveraging newer methods and technologies. Cryptography is an essential element of cybersecurity, and is taught in the Naval Postgraduate School computer science curriculum through various methods, including a...
Topics: encryption, learning, testing, graphical user interface
Naval Postgraduate School
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In this work, we explore the feasibility of injecting data into an existing radar waveform. Specifically, we investigate how to embed communications signals within a navigation radar pulse to explore the potentials for a) receiving and demodulating the associated communications data, and b) identifying potential vulnerabilities/effects to maritime networks that inadvertently receive data in this manner. In this thesis, we advance previous work by utilizing a more practical, navigation-like...
Topics: communications, radar, FURUNO, cyber, injection, maritime, QPSK, QAM, modulation, demodulation,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Hupfl, Kyleigh B.
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Since its inception in 2013, the Defense Health Agency has implemented several strategic initiatives aimed at controlling military healthcare expenditures, including considerable efforts toward reducing pharmaceutical costs. Despite the success of these initiatives at fixed military medical treatment facilities, where pharmacy officers lead the implementation and management of cost-saving strategies, the military services have not made a concerted effort to expand these initiatives to their...
Topics: pharmaceutical inventory, medication, operational medicine, inventory management, pharmacy
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Jackson, John R.
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The research effort designed a training and operational system in support of damage control (DC) training, procedure familiarization, and shipboard emergency response teams. The system was aimed to use commercial off-the-shelf systems (both hardware and software) to create an affordable, lightweight, mobile training system focused on filling the gap identified in DC training team (DCTT) deficiencies. It utilized a virtual environment (VE) training system as well as investigated the feasibility...
Topics: virtual environment, VE, damage control, military training, simulations, shipboard familiarization
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Carroll, Michael J.; Hicks, Kevin A.
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This project studies the acquisition educational path for Army MOS 51 series program management and contracting officers to identify the optimized professional and military educational pathway to produce qualified program managers and contracting officers. Using qualitative research in the form of multiple case studies as a research design, this project focuses on the value of merging the acquisition foundation course (AFC) and intermediate level education (ILE) with an accredited professional...
Topics: MBA, educational value, Army acquisition, educational path, MOS 51A, MOS 51C
This MBA project report focuses on the development of a spreadsheet model of a finite population queue to replicate the Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) equipment modernization process. The purpose of this report is to assess the sensitivity of several key determinants of equipment modernization cycle time for policy recommendations. This analysis utilized a published spreadsheet formulation of a finite population, multi-server machine interference problem as the basis for the design of the...
Topics: ABCT, multi-server queue, spreadsheet model, machine interference problem, finite population,...
It is well documented that tornadoes are formed from a special breed of rotating thunderstorms called supercells, and that tornadogenesis is a result of several factors, one of which is the vertical stretching of low-level vorticity. Not as well understood are the factors that contribute to vertical acceleration of low-level vorticity in the updraft region of a supercell to support tornadogenesis. This paper examined the influence of combining both low-level shear and low-level static stability...
Topics: tornadoes, boundary layer, supercell, shear, static stability
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Chaves, Daniel K.; Christmas, David; Sloulin, Tammy L.
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Throughout the past 70 years, the alliance between the United States and Republic of Korea (ROK or South Korea) has persisted in a dynamic security environment in which South Korea emerged as a middle-power with robust crisis management capabilities. Conversely, the 1995 famine in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK or North Korea) showcased the DPRK’s inability to provide basic services; it was the first time the regime solicited international humanitarian assistance, thus...
Topics: nongovernmental organizations, humanitarian assistance, disaster response, HADR, civil affairs,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Burleson, Christopher L.; Terrian, Jerry I.; Rorick, Jerremy T.
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The Defense Travel System (DTS) was established with the intent of streamlining the Department of Defense’s (DoD) travel claims and reimbursement process for users. The DTS has fallen short of expectations, far exceeds budgetary estimates, and perpetuates a culture of rigid rules and cumbersome administrative processes that burden the warfighter. The research presented here outlines the background and current process of the DTS, and examines leading process improvement techniques including...
Topics: Defense Travel System, DTS, Lean Six Sigma
As the United States Navy strives to attain a myriad of situational awareness systems that provide the functionality and interoperability required for future missions, the fundamental idea of open architecture is beginning to promulgate throughout the Department. In order to make rational, informed decisions concerning the processes and systems that will be integrated to provide this situational awareness, an analytical method must be used to identify process deficiencies and produce...
Topics: Information technology, Management, Situational awareness, System analysis, Multisensor data fusion
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Himes, Suzanne Helene
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Since 1999, the member states of the European Union (EU) have been pursuing capabilities to conduct conflict prevention and crisis management operations. The EU has no intention of usurping NATO's role in collective defense; but it intends to strengthen its influence in international politics and to acquire more options for crisis management. This thesis analyzes the EU's emerging role in the management of international security challenges and its implications for the future of NATO, the...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Fire departments are the largest employer of emergency medical services workers, but many face a shortage of paramedic-firefighter applicants. These applicants typically work as single-role paramedics, an occupation facing an even greater shortage. Although women are almost 47 percent of the general labor force, few apply to be paramedic-firefighters, suggesting an untapped labor pool that could resolve some of the shortage. This thesis explores whether fire departments can mitigate the...
Topics: gendered, fire service, paramedic firefighter, recruiting, workplace gender bias, employment...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Caniac, Helene S.
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This research investigates exemplary onboarding practices for those entering a leadership role. This research supports innovation in U.S. government human-resource practices by providing the community with (1) knowledge of industry-applied practices and (2) recommendations of best practices based on a literature review and interviews with subject-matter experts. Studies by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) suggest that government has neglected leadership development, and onboarding may...
Topics: onboarding, leadership, SES, human resources, training, civilian, senior executive service, OPM,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The U.S. military has an increasing requirement to prepare for and conduct urban operations (UO). This UO requirement spreads across the spectrum of conflict, from high intensity combat to peacekeeping and humanitarian missions (Stability and Support Operations--SASO), often simultaneously. Regardless of which portion(s) of the warfare spectrum U.S. forces are involved in, urban engagements are inevitable and present major challenges. Superior standoff weapons ranges and combined arms tactics...
Topics: Urban warfare, Computer programs, Nonlethal weapons, Irregular warfare
This thesis discusses potential cost savings associated with implementing airline pilot training curricula into the future P-8 Multimission Maritime Aircraft (MMA) Fleet Replacement Squadron (FRS). These curricula rely primarily on high-technology flight simulators and do not require any flight time in an actual aircraft. This thesis also provides an approach for estimating future P-8 FRS cost savings. The results of this thesis indicate that significant savings will likely accrue in the areas...
Topics: Aeronautics, Commercial, Flight simulators, Education, Flight training
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Capistrano, Christian S.
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The complete decommissioning of Navy frigates has produced a range of concerns regarding the United States’ maritime interdiction mission to remove drug traffickers and prevent illicit drugs from reaching the homeland. As the principal interdiction tool in the high seas, Coast Guard cutters have reported a significant increase in maritime seizure of cocaine, which is aligned with the dramatic increase in supply. Due to the decrease in maritime interdiction assets, however, only one in every...
Topics: U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, maritime security, drug interdiction, counterdrug operation, MK VI...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Sammataro, Michael A.
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A numerical analysis of the performance of compact pin-fin array heat exchangers was carried out using water and JP-4 fuel as the working fluids. Three different configurations were used with hydraulic diameters ranging from 0.137 to 0.777 mm, and volumetric area densities varying between 4.5 and 14.5 mm2/mm3. Numerical simulations were carried out to determine the performance of each heat exchanger over a series of Reynolds numbers in both the laminar and turbulent flow regimes. It was found...
Topics: Heat exchangers, Reynolds number
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Schneider, Frank
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Hizb ut-Tahrir is a transnational Islamic fundamentalist group that operates in more than forty countries with main emphasis in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. The group claims to be a political party that proceeds with non-violent means and its ideology being Islam. Its objectives are strictly political, and its main goal is to topple an existing regime to resurrect the caliphate with structures and conditions similar to the ones of early seventh-century (C.E.) Islam. The proposed Islamic...
Topics: Islamic fundamentalism, World politics
Naval Postgraduate School
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The U.S. Department of Defense has implemented an initiative to become more energy efficient across all services. The Naval Postgraduate School supported development toward this goal by studying the possibility of energy generation using waste heat recovery within shipboard engine exhaust. This research included the development of a heat exchanger ultimately to use compressed CO2 as the working fluid to run a Brayton cycle. In support of this research, this thesis details the baselining and...
Topics: heat exchanger, CFD, CFX, T-63 installation, helical coil heat exchanger, waste heat recovery,...
Three autonomous cropping and feature extraction algorithms are examined that can be used for classification of low probability of intercept radar modulations using time-frequency (T-F) images. The first approach, Erosion Dilation Adaptive Binarization (EDAB), uses erosion and a new adaptive threshold binarization algorithm embedded within a recursive dilation process to determine the modulation energy centroid (radar's carrier frequency) and properly place a fixed-width cropping window. The...
Topics: Classification, Signal processing, Algorithms, Technology, Radar
NATO’s southern flank has been exposed to a wide range of threats and challenges from Middle Eastern and North African instability, including terrorism, illegal trafficking, and mass migration. Against this backdrop, since 2008, Russia has increased its Mediterranean naval activity to levels not observed since the Cold War. This thesis investigates the extent to which the perceptions and policies of France, Italy, and Spain have shifted in response to Russia’s expanded Mediterranean...
Topics: Russia, the Mediterranean, France, Italy, Spain, NATO, EU, policies, Operation Sophia, Operation...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Child soldiering has become common in Africa. This was not always the case; many African cultures had traditions that prevented children from taking part in combat until physically mature enough to do so. Neither was child soldiering common during colonial occupation of Africa. Starting after independence from colonial powers, however, African children have either chosen to fight in armed forces groups or have been forced to fight by state and by rebel entities. What has led to the rise of...
Topics: child soldiers, Sub-Saharan Africa, rebel, terrorism, Cold War, independence, Mozambique, Mau Mau,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Collins, Lilieni B.; Garcia, Miracle
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This research assesses the four open-ended responses derived from the U.S. Army acquisition workforce job satisfaction and environment climate evaluation study, conducted by Magen McKeithen in 2016. A thematic analysis addressed the four open-ended responses concerning job satisfaction, career enhancement, compensation, and organizational justice to identify common themes that affect the organizational climate in the Army’s contracting workforce. The themes identified highlight that the...
Topics: thematic methodology, Army Acquisition Workforce, acquisition workforce, organizational assessment
Over the past six decades, Washington has recognized that its own security is closely connected with that of its allies around the globe. As a part of this policy, U.S. leaders and policy makers have endeavored to protect South Korea by extending deterrence against North Korea. Despite its ongoing promises, U.S. security guarantees have occasionally shown signs of faltering credibility. Moreover, given North Korea’s evolving nuclear capability, the credibility of U.S. security commitments,...
Topics: U.S. nuclear strategy, U.S. nuclear posture review, U.S. extended deterrence, North Korea’s ICBM...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Sidhom, Mounir
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Air Traffic Control (ATC) is a complicated domain in which many specialists should collaborate and communicate with each other in order to guarantee safe and efficient air traffic. A significant number of air traffic control errors are associated with either faulty coordination between ATC actors, or a failure of some kind of team coordination. These errors are likely to increase in the future as aircraft density increases. Many researchers suggest that the introduction of team and teamwork...
Topics: Air traffic control simulators, Computer programs
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Christianson, Britta W.; Sonnichsen, Vanessa K.; Sirkin, Sarah S.
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The U.S. Sixth Fleet conducts numerous multinational maritime operations, during which the involved U.S. naval vessels host a multitude of key leader engagements, costing $221,000 during FY2018. These events are financed by Official Representation Funds (ORF) and, when hosted by smaller naval ships, are particularly vulnerable to requiring rental equipment due to their lack of storage onboard. Of interest is to explore whether the ownership of this equipment is more cost effective than renting...
Topics: official representation funds, process flow analysis, descriptive statistics, statistical...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Slattery, Christopher P.
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In the physical world, humans gather valuable information about objects through their sight. Information on shape, feel and composition are seen long before the object is touched. This information is generated by light reflecting off the surface of objects. Despite the advancement of computer graphics due to increased hardware rendering capacity, the fundamental equations, which draw three-dimensional scenes, lack the ability to truly model realistic objects. Whether it is smooth like highly...
The world is on the verge of a dramatic shift in security relations in Northeast Asia. With a \"rising China\" and a Japan emerging as a \"normal\" military power by revising the pacifist clause of its constitution (Article 9), many analysts argue that the new century may bring with it increased instability to the region. With this forecast in mind, this thesis explores how the United States should approach a militarily \"normalizing\" Japan. The primary questions...
Topic: International relations
Naval Postgraduate School
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Online communities have quickly gained prominence as a common use tool within enterprise workplace communities, including the Department of the Navy. Web 2.0 technologies have allowed social interactions to take place in virtually every aspect of our personal and professional lives. Despite the ubiquitous nature of social media use, research is limited that investigates the various aspects of healthy online interactions in the workplace. Drawing on the outcomes of an in-depth systematic...
Topics: healthy online communities, online workplace communities, destructive behavior, constructive...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Cleven, Jan-Daniel
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Traditional classroom instruction provides all students with the same topics, at the same time, at the same speed. However, personalized learning systems that take into account students’ individual interests, skills, and preferences have been shown to be more effective. Our goal is to develop an adaptive teaching-learning method for enhanced and personalized education, which we call Curated Heuristic Using a Network of Knowledge for Continuum of Learning (CHUNK Learning). CHUNK Learning will...
Topics: personalized adaptive learning, network modeling, network analysis, modular learning, network of...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Simmers, Keith A.
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The North Korean nuclear weapons program poses a challenge to stability in Northeast Asia. The United States' foreign policy with North Korea takes a hard-line position, and cannot solve this problem unilaterally and must rely on support from the other countries in the region. Solving this nuclear issue is only one piece of the stability challenge in this region. North Korea's nuclear program gained international attention when it signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1985,...
Topics: Nuclear weapons, Korea (North)
This thesis analyzes the Serbian Orthodox Church's place in post-Milosevic Serbian society. Specifically, the thesis explores the nature of the influence the Church sways within Serbia's on-going transformation into a liberal democracy. Leveraging Robert Putnam's work on civil society and social capital and Ashutosh Varshney's work on associational networks, the thesis addresses two main questions. First, what is the nature of the Church's influence - does it seek to build bridges across...
Topics: Church, Religion
Naval Postgraduate School
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Atmospheric mixing is a problem of exceptional importance and difficult to study. The anelastic approximation is the accepted fluid system governing the atmosphere over large vertical scales (about 8 km). The anelastic equations, unlike the Navier-Stokes equations, incorporate a nontrivial spatial divergence constraint on the velocity field. This yields a weakly compressible fluid flow. The basis of this study is to use numerical analysis to explore the effects of weak compressibility in the...
Topics: Navier-Stokes equations, Numerical analysis
Stroke certification is a voluntary program undertaken by hospitals. This thesis examines the expansion of stroke-certified hospitals between 2008 and 2017, and whether growth of stroke centers is concentrated in wealthier and urban communities. It further examines whether there are differences between early and late adopters of stroke certification. The data comprises of hospital characteristics of 4,584 hospitals and the population characteristics of the Hospital Service Area (HSA) each...
Topics: stroke care, stroke care access, stroke certification program
The performance of the most promising wireless local area network (WLAN) standards today, IEEE 802.11g, which specifies orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in order to avoid multi-path effects and at the same time achieve high data rates, was examined in this thesis. We investigated four different receivers and analyzed their performance with Viterbi soft decision decoding when the signal was transmitted over a slow, flat fading Nakagami channel for AWGN only, as well as for AWGN plus...
Topics: Electrical engineering, Systems engineering, Statistics, Electromagnetic waves
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Mullany, John T.; Ratner, Brandon R.; Aguirre, Anibal Jr.
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The ongoing drug epidemic fueled by Mexican Transnational Criminal Organizations (TCO) is a matter of national interest that the current presidential administration has addressed in its 2017 National Security Strategy. Mexican TCOs continue to expand their cross-border operations through robust distribution networks and shared relationships with gangs located within the United States. Efforts to prevent expansion and influence have been largely unsuccessful due to the application of...
Topics: transnational criminal organization, TCO, cartel, gang, drug trafficking, violence, Mexico, United...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Airpower capability and military technology have created a vision of airpower that focuses on the lethality of weaponry instead of the use of that weaponry as a political tool. Unfortunately, such a lethality-focused force optimized to fight interstate conflicts, by definition, ensures that this force is sub-optimal for waging wars at the sub-state level. Small wars are conflicts where the political and diplomatic context, and not the military disposition of the combatants, is usually the...
Topics: Low-intensity conflicts (Military science), Tactics